As First Author


  1. Zhang, S.-R., Nishimura, Y., Vierinen, J., Lyons, L. R., Knipp, D. J., Gustavsson, B. J., Waghule, B. V., Erickson, P. J., Coster, A. J., Aa, E. & Spicher, A. (2023). Simultaneous Global Ionospheric Disturbances Associated With Penetration Electric Fields During Intense and Minor Solar and Geomagnetic Disturbances. Geophysical Research Letters50(19).
  2. Zhang, S.-R., Nishimura, Y., Erickson, P. J., Aa, E., Kil, H., Deng, Y., et al. (2022). Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances in the Vicinity of Storm-Enhanced Density at Midlatitudes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127(8), e2022JA030429. [PDF file here]
  3. Zhang, S.-R., Vierinen, J., Aa, E., Goncharenko, L. P., Erickson, P. J., Rideout, W., et al. (2022). 2022 Tonga Volcanic Eruption Induced Global Propagation of Ionospheric Disturbances via Lamb Waves. Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 9, 871275. [PDF file here]
  4. Zhang, S.-R., Erickson, P. J., Gasque, L. C., Aa, E., Rideout, W., Vierinen, J., et al. (2021). Electrified Postsunrise Ionospheric Perturbations at Millstone Hill. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(18), e2021GL095151. [html here; PDF here
  5. Zhang, S.-R. (2021). Large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances. In Y. Nishimura, O. Verkhoglyadova, Y. Deng, & S.-R. Zhang (Eds.), Cross-Scale Coupling and Energy Transfer in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere  System (pp. 482–499). Elsevier.
  6. Zhang, S.-R., & Aa, E. (2021). Ionospheric electron density large gradients at midlatitudes. In Y. Nishimura, O. Verkhoglyadova, Y. Deng, & S.-R. Zhang (Eds.), Cross-Scale Coupling and Energy Transfer in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere  System (pp. 175–193). Elsevier.
  7. Zhang, S.-R. (2021). Ionosphere and Thermosphere Coupling at Mid- and Subauroral Latitudes. In Ionosphere Dynamics and Applications (eds C. Huang, G. Lu, Y. Zhang and L.J. Paxton).
  8. Zhang, S.-R., Erickson, P. J., Vierinen, J., Aa, E., Rideout, W., Coster, A. J., & Goncharenko, L. P. (2021). Conjugate ionospheric perturbation during the 2017 solar eclipse. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics.
  9. Zhang, S.‐R.,  Erickson, P. J.,  Coster, A. J.,  Rideout, W.,  Vierinen, J.,  Jonah, O. F., & Goncharenko, L. P. ( 2019).  Subauroral and polar traveling ionospheric disturbances during the 7–9 September 2017 storms. Space Weather,  17 (1), 1748–1764.
  10. Zhang, S.-R., Coster, A. J., Erickson, P. J., Goncharenko, L. M., Rideout, W., & Vierinen, J. (2019). Traveling ionospheric disturbances and ionospheric perturbations associated with solar flares in September 2017. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2019JA026585. 
  11. Zhang, S.-R., Holt, J. M., Erickson, P. J., & Goncharenko, L. P. (2018). Comments on “Long‐Term Variations of Exospheric Temperature Inferred From foF1 Observations: A Comparison to ISR Ti Trend Estimates” by Perrone and Mikhailov. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics68(4), 1879.
  12. Zhang, S.-R., Erickson, P. J., Goncharenko, L. P., Coster, A. J., Rideout, W., & Vierinen, J. (2017). Ionospheric bow waves and perturbations induced by the 21 August 2017 solar eclipse. Geophysical Research Letters, 44.
  13. Zhang, S.-R., Philip J. Erickson, Larisa P. Goncharenko, Anthea J. Coster, Nathaniel A. Frissell, 2017: Monitoring the geospace response to the Great American Solar Eclipse on 21 August 2017, Earth and Planetary Physics, 1, 72-76. doi: 10.26464/epp2017011
  14. Zhang, S.-R., Y. Zhang, W. Wang, and O. P. Verkhoglyadova (2017), Geospace system responses to the St. Patrick's Day storms in 2013 and 2015, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA024232.
  15. Zhang, Shun-Rong, Philip J Erickson, Yongliang Zhang, Wenbin Wang, Chaosong Huang, Anthea J. Coster, John Holt, John C Foster, Michael P. Sulzer, Robert B. Kerr (2017), Observations of ion-neutral coupling associated with strong electrodynamic disturbances during the 2015 St. Patrick's Day storm, J. Geophys. Res., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023307. abstract (Preprint
  16. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, P. J. Erickson, L. P. Goncharenko, M. J. Nicolls, M. McCready, and J. Kelly (2016), Ionospheric ion temperature climate and upper atmospheric long-term cooling, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA022971. abstract (Full paper
  17. Zhang, S.-R. P. J. Erickson, J. C. Foster, J. M. Holt, A. J. Coster, J. J. Makela, J. Noto, J. W. Meriwether, B. J. Harding, J. Riccobono and R. B. Kerr (2015) Thermospheric poleward wind surge at mid-latitudes During great storm intervals, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 5132-5140, doi:10.1002/2015GL064836. Abstract (full paper)
  18. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, P. J. Erickson, and L. P. Goncharenko (2015), Day-to-day variability and solar preconditioning of thermospheric temperature over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1002/2014JA020578. Abstract and (full paper)
  19. Zhang, S.-R., Z. Chen, A. J. Coster, P. J. Erickson, and J. C. Foster (2013), Ionospheric symmetry caused by geomagnetic declination over North America, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1-5, doi:10.1002/2013GL057933. Abstract and (full paper)
  20. Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt (2013), Long-term ionospheric cooling: dependency on local time, season, solar activity and geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 3719-3730, doi:10.1002/jgra.50306., Abstract and Full Paper 
  21. Zhang, ShunRong, J. C. Foster, J. M. Holt, P. J. Erickson, and A. J. Coster (2012), Magnetic declination and zonal wind effects on longitudinal differences of ionospheric electron density at midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08329, doi:10.1029/2012JA017954. Full paper and Abstract (AGU site) 
  22. Zhang, ShunRong, Anthea Coster, John Holt, John Foster, Phil Erickson (2012), Ionospheric longitudinal variations at midlatitudes: Incoherent scatter radar observation at Millstone Hill, Sci China Tech Sci, 55(5), 1153-1160, DOI: 10.1007/s11431-012-4784-y Full paper and Abstract
  23. Zhang, S.-R., John C. Foster, Anthea J. Coster, and Philip J. Erickson (2011), East-West Coast Differences in Total Electron Content over the Continental US, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L19101, doi:10.1029/2011GL049116. Full paper and Abstract
  24. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, and J. Kurdzo (2011), Millstone Hill ISR observations of upper atmospheric long-term changes: height dependency, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A00H05, doi:10.1029/2010JA016414. Full paper and Abstract
  25. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, A. P. van Eyken, C. Heinselman, and M. McCready (2010), IPY observations of ionospheric yearly variations from high- to middle-latitude incoherent scatter radars, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A03303, doi:10.1029/2009JA014327. Full paper and Abstract
  26. Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt (2008), Ionospheric variability from an incoherent scatter radar long-duration experiment at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A03310, doi:10.1029/2007JA012639.Full paper and Abstract
  27. Zhang S.-R., and J. M. Holt (2008), Climatology and Variability of the Ionosphere: Incoherent Scatter Radar Observations, CP974, pp.71-80, Radio Sounding and plasma Physics, edited by P. Song, J. Foster, M. Mendillo, and D. Bilitza, American Institute of Physics. DOI:10.1063/1.2885035  Full paper and Abstract
  28. Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt (2008), Ionospheric climatology and variability from long-term and multiple incoherent scatter radar observations: variability, Annales Geophysicae, Ann. Geophys., 26, 1525-1537, doi:10.5194/angeo-26-1525-2008. Full paper and Abstract
  29. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, D. Bilitza, A. P. van Eyken, M. McCready, C. Amory-Mazaudier, S. Fukao, and M. Sulzer, Multiple-site comparisons between models of incoherent scatter radar and IRI, Adv. Space Res., 39, 910-917, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2006.05.027, 2007. Full Paper and Abstract
  30. Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt (2007), Ionospheric Climatology and Variability from Long-term and Multiple Incoherent Scatter Radar Observations: Climatology in Eastern American Sector, J. Geophys. Res., 12, A06328, doi:10.1029/2006JA012206. Full Paper and Abstract
  31. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, and M. McReady, High latitude convection model based on long-term incoherent scatter radar observations in North America, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 69, 1273-1291, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2006.08.017, 2007 Full Paper and Abstract
  32. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, A. P. van Eyken, M. McCready, C. Amory-Mazaudier, S. Fukao, and M. Sulzer, Ionospheric local model and climatology from long-term databases of multiple incoherent scatter radars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L20102, doi:10.1029/2005GL023603.Full Paper and Abstract
  33. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, P. J. Erickson, F. D. Lind, J. C. Foster, A. P. van Eyken, Y. Zhang, L. J. Paxton, W. C. Rideout, L. P. Goncharenko, and G. R. Campbell, October 2002 30-day Incoherent Scatter Radar Experiments at Millstone Hill and Svalbard and Simultaneous GUVI/TIMED Observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L01108, doi:10.1029/2004GL020732, 2005 (Full Paper, 2 5Mb) and Abstract
  34. Zhang, S.-R., J. M. Holt, A. M. Zalucha, and C. Amory-Mazaudier, Mid-latitude ionospheric plasma temperature climatology and empirical model based on Saint Santin incoherent scatter radar data from 1966-1987, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A11311, doi:10.1029/2004JA010709, 2004. (Full Paper: Full Paper) and Abstract
  35. Zhang, S.-R. and J. M. Holt, Ionospheric temperature variations during 1976-2001 over Millstone Hill, Adv. Space Res., 33, 963-969, 2004. DOI 10.1016/j.asr.2003.07.012 (Full Paper ) and Abstract
  36. Zhang, S.-R. W. L. Oliver, J. M. Holt, and S. Fukao, Ionospheric data assimilation: Comparison of extracted parameters using full density profiles and key parameters, J. Geophys. Res. 108, 10.1029/2002JA009521, 2003. Full Paper(PDF)
  37. Zhang, S.-R. W. L. Oliver, J. M. Holt, and S. Fukao, Solar EUV Flux, Exospheric Temperature and Thermospheric Wind Inferred fromIncoherent Scatter Measurements of Electron Density Profile at Millstone Hill and Shigaraki, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, (9), 10.1029/2001GL013579, 2002. Abstract and Full Paper(PDF)
  38. Zhang, S.-R., W. L. Oliver, S. Fukao, S. Kawamura, Extraction of Solar and Thermospheric Information from the Ionospheric Electron Density Profile, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 12,821-12,836, 2001. Abstract and Full Paper (PDF file)
  39. Zhang, S.-R., W. L. Oliver, S. Fukao, MU Radar Ion Drift Model, Adv Space Res., 27, No. 1, 115-120, 2001. Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)
  40. Zhang, S.-R., W. L. Oliver, S. Fukao, Y. Otsuka, A study of the forenoon ionospheric F2-layer behavior over the middle and upper atmospheric radar, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 15,823-15,833, 2000 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)
  41. Zhang S.-R., S. Fukao, X.-Y. Huang, and Y. Otsuka, The IRI's B0 parameters measured by the MU radar, Adv Space Res., 25, (1)101-(1)104, 2000 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)
  42. Zhang S. R., S. Fukao, W. L. Oliver, and Y. Otsuka, The height of the maximum ionospheric electron density over the MU radar, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61, 1367-1383, 1999 Abstract,Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)
  43. Zhang S. R., S. Fukao and W. L. Oliver, Data modeling and assimilation studies with the MU radar J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61, 563-583, 1999 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)
  44. Zhang Shun-Rong and Xin-Yu Huang, The simulated responses of the bottomside ionosphere to Ap index variations in mid-latitudes, Adv. Space Res., 22, (6)841-(6)846, 1998  Abstract and Full paper 
  45. Zhang Shun-Rong and Xin-Yu Huang, Variations of bottomside electron density profile parameters obtained from observations at Wuchang, China, Adv. Space Res., 22, (6)749-(6)752, 1998 Abstract , Paper
  46. Zhang, S.-R. and X. Y. Huang, A model study for storm-time behaviour of the mid-latitude ionosphere, Chinese J. Space Sci., 17, (2), 142-148, 1997 PDF (Chinese) 
  47. Zhang S.-R., M.-L. Zhang, S. M. Radicella, X.-Y. Huang and D. Bilitza. A Comparison of the Lower Transition Height Obtained with a Theoretical Model and with IRI, Adv. Space Res. 18, (6)165-(6)173, 1996 AbstractFull Paper (PDF)
  48. Zhang S.-R., M.-L. Zhang, S. M. Radicella and X.-Y. Huang, Comparative Studies of Electron Density Profiles between the Theoretical Model and the IRI, Adv. Space Res., 18, (6)79-(6)82, 1996 Abstract and Full Paper (PDF)
  49. Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang and S. M. Radicella, Theoretical studies of the ionospheric F1-ledge variation, ACTA Geophysica Sinica, 39, 601-607, 1996 Full paper PDF (Chinese) 
  50. Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, A Numerical Study of Ionospheric Profiles for Mid-Latitudes, Ann Geophysicae, 13, 551-557, 1995 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)
  51. Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, An Ionospheric Numerical Model and Some Results for the Electron Density Structure below the F2 Peak, Adv. Space Res., 16, (16)119-(16)120, 1995 Abstractand Full Paper (PDF)
  52. Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, Neutral Wind-Induced F Region Movements under the Coupling of Ionosphere-Thermosphere, ACTA Chinese Journal of Space Science, 15, 105-118, 1995 PDF (Chinese) 
  53. Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang and Y.-Z. Su, Monthly Average Behavior and Oscillation of Ionospheric Drifts, Report UAG - 104, WDC-A for STP, NOAA, Boulder Co., January 1995 Full paper in Html and PDF file
  54. Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang and Y.-Z. Su, Oscillation of the Plasma Drifts in the Ionosphere, ACTA Geophysica Sinica, 37(1), 10-16, 1994 PDF (Chinese) 
  55. Zhang S.-R. and X.-Y. Huang, Numerical Simulation of Ionospheric Structure below the F2 Peak, ACTA Chinese Journal of Space Science, 14, 116-124, 1994 PDF (Chinese) 
  56. Zhang S.-R., X.-Y. Huang, Y. Z Su and S. M. Radicella, A Physical Model for One-dimension and Time-dependent Ionosphere --- Part I: Description of the Model, Ann. Geofis., 36(5-6), 105-110, 1993 Abstract and Full paper (PDF file)
  57. Zhang S.-R. and S. M. Radicella, A Physical Model for One-dimension and Time-dependent Ionosphere --- Part II: Results and Discussions, Ann. Geofis., 36(5-6), 111-118, 1993 
  58. Zhang S.-R., Yuanzhi Su and Xinyu Huang, The Vertical Plasma Drifts near the Ionospheric Peak, ACTA Chinese Journal of Space Science, 13(4), 298-304, 1992 PDF (Chinese) 
  59. Zhang S.-R., Chengbao Yang and Jingwu Chen, The Effects of the Annular Eclipse on the Ionospheric Characteristic Parameters, Observations and Studies of China on Annular Solar Eclipse of Sept. 23, 1987, Science Press, pp. 233-237, 1990 
  60. Zhang S.-R., Minyun Zi and Changshou Shen, The Day-night Gradient of the Conductivity within Auroral Zone and the Morphology of High-latitude E-field, ACTA Scientiarum Naturalium, Universitatis Pekinensis, 25(3), pp. 312-321, 1989 (abs)
  61. Zhang S.-R., J.-W., Chen, Some observational results of the ionosonde at Wuchang during the coordinated campaign in the period of the maximum solar activity, Publications of the Yunnan Observatory, Supplement 1989, Special issue 1, p. 223 - 229, 1989. abstract